Sports and exercise science, sports medicine or exercise
physiology is a discipline that studies how the healthy human body
works during exercise, and how sport and physical activity
promote health and performance from cellular to whole body
perspectives. The study of sports science traditionally incorporates
areas of physiology (exercise physiology), psychology (sport
psychology), anatomy, biomechanics, biochemistry and biokinetics.
Sports scientists and performance consultants are growing in
demand and employment numbers, with the ever-increasing focus
within the sporting world on achieving the best results possible.
Through the study of science and sport, researchers have developed
a greater understanding on how the human body reacts to exercise,
training, different environments and many other stimuli.
Sports Science can trace its origins to ancient Greece. The noted
ancient Greek physician Galen (131-201) wrote 87 detailed essays
about improving health (proper nutrition), aerobic fitness, and
strengthening muscles. Assyrian Hunayn ibn Ishaq translated
Galen's work, along with that of Hippocrates, into Arabic which
led to the spread of Greek physiology throughout the Middle East
and Europe. Between 776 BC to 393 AD, the ancient Greek
physicians planned the training regimens and diets of the Olympic