English is a west Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca. Nmed after the angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to england, it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia ( Angeln )peninsula in the Balitic Sea. It is most closely related to the Frisian languages, although its vocabulary has been singificantly influenced by other germanic languages in the early medieval period and later by Romance language particularly French. English is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states. It is the most commonly spoken language in the United Kingdom, the United states, Canada, Australia , Ireland, and south Asia. It is the third most common native language in the world, after Mndarin and Spanish, It is the most widely learned second language and an official language of the united nations, of the European Union, and of many other world and regional international organisation . It is the most widely spoken Germanic language, accounting for at least 70% of apeakers of this Indo-Eruopean branch.